Tips on foot care for people with diabetes
- Wash your feet every day in warm water (not hot). Dry them well, making sure to dry between the toes. Rub a thin coat of skin lotion over the top and bottom of your feet, but not between the toes.
- Check your feet every day for cuts, blisters, red spots, or swelling. Use a mirror to check the bottom of your feet, or ask a family member to check for you.
- When needed, trim your toenails straight across and file the edges with an emery board or nail file. If you are not able to trim your own nails, see a podiatrist (foot doctor).
- Wear shoes and socks at all times. Wear shoes that fit well and support your feet. Never walk barefoot, even at the beach. Keep socks on at night if your feet get cold. Wear warm socks and boots in the winter.· Keep the blood flowing – wiggle your toes and move your ankles up and down for several minutes, a few times each day. Put your feet up when sitting, and don't cross your legs for long periods of time.
- Have your doctor check your feet at each appointment. Call your doctor if a cut, sore, blister, or bruise on your foot does not begin to heal after one day.
- Plan a physical activity program with your doctor, and ask about what else you can do to keep your blood sugar under good control.