Urology Conditions and Treatments

Learn More About Urologic Conditions and Treatments

At Aurora Health Care, our urology specialists treat many conditions, ranging from common disorders to symptoms that need a more specialized approach. Take a look at just a few of our urological service offerings.

Enlarged Prostate (BPH)

Enlarged prostate and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) are two names for the same condition – an enlarged prostate gland. Many men will experience prostate enlargement as they age, along with the symptoms that often accompany the condition.

Erectile Dysfunction (Impotence)

Erectile dysfunction, also known as impotence and ED, is a condition that makes it difficult for a man to get or sustain an erection that is adequate for sexual intercourse. Men of all ages may experience erectile dysfunction from time to time, but when it happens regularly, it can be a problem.

Female Urology (Urogynecology)

Urogynecology is a medical specialty focused on female urology or female pelvic conditions. Some of the conditions Aurora urogynecology specialists treat are bladder prolapse, urge incontinence, infertility, pelvic organ prolapse and stress incontinence.


Hematuria is the medical term for blood in the urine. Depending on the amount of blood, it may or may not be visible or obvious. Blood that can be seen is called gross hematuria, and blood that cannot be seen by the naked eye is called microscopic hematuria.

Male Infertility

Male infertility can be caused by a number of things, including low sperm production, blockages that prevent sperm delivery or misshapen or immobile sperm. Other factors can play a role, including illness, injury, chronic health problems and lifestyle choices like alcohol and drug consumption.

Neurogenic Bladder

Neurogenic bladder refers to any nervous system condition that affects the bladder. There are two general types of neurogenic bladder – overactive bladder (also called spastic or hyper-reflexive bladder) and underactive bladder (also called flaccid or hypotonic bladder).

Painful Bladder Syndrome

Painful bladder syndrome, also called interstitial cystitis or IC, is a chronic condition that can cause bladder pressure, bladder pain or pain that reaches into the pelvis. The severity of pain can range from a mild burning pain or discomfort to severe, debilitating pain.

Peyronie’s Disease

Peyronie’s disease is a sometimes-painful condition caused by scar tissue inside the penis. This scar tissue can cause a man’s erection to be curved and painful, and it can make sexual intercourse very uncomfortable.


Prostatitis is a condition that causes inflammation of the prostate gland. The inflammation may also affect the area around the prostate. There are four general types of prostatitis, and each requires different treatments. The types of prostatitis are: acute bacterial prostatitis, chronic bacterial prostatitis, chronic prostatitis (also called chronic pelvic pain syndrome, prostatdynia and nonbacterial prostatitis), and asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis.

Stone Disease

Stone disease is a condition that occurs when crystals form in the urinary tract, often in the kidneys. Stones are a mass of solid crystals that grow when chemicals in the urine become concentrated. These stones can become lodged in the urinary tract, which can cause extreme pain, blockage and infection.

Testosterone Deficiency

Testosterone deficiency, also called hypogonadism, occurs when the body isn’t able to produce normal amounts of testosterone. It is normally due to a problem with the testicles or the pituitary gland (which controls the testicles). All men’s testosterone levels decrease gradually with age, so before treating you for testosterone deficiency, your physician will make sure that your testosterone level is due to disease and isn’t just a normal age-related decline.

Ureteral Obstruction

Ureteral Obstruction is a blockage that can occur anywhere in the urinary tract. These obstructions are curable with surgery, but they must be treated promptly to avoid complications. If ureteral obstructions aren’t treated, they can quickly lead to severe illness, including kidney damage, severe infections – like sepsis – and even death.

Urethral Reconstruction

Urethral reconstruction is a surgery to repair blockages in the urethra. The type of urethral reconstruction used will depend on the type and length of the blockage, among other things. Because urethral reconstruction is a complicated procedure, we advise all patients to seek treatment from a urologist who specializes in this type of surgery.

Urethral Stricture Disease

Urethral stricture is a narrowing of a ureter (a tube that carries urine out of the body). The narrowing is caused by scar tissue in or around the urethra. That scar tissue can cause the blockage of urine, which can lead to a number of problems in the urinary tract.

Urinary Incontinence

Urinary incontinence is the inability to hold urine. It can happen to both men and women, but it is more common in women – especially as they age. Although the term urinary incontinence is used as a general descriptor, there is more than one type of urinary incontinence.

Urinary Tract Cancers

Urinary tract cancer can develop in any part of the urinary tract, including the bladder, kidneys, urethra, testes, prostate and adrenal glands. Treatment options for urinary tract cancers will vary depending on the type of cancer, the stage of the cancer and the patient’s overall health. There are four categories for surgical intervention for urinary tract cancers, including robotic-assisted surgery, laparoscopic surgery, cryosurgery and open or traditional surgery.

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

A urinary tract infection (UTI) can occur anywhere in your urinary tract. A UTI can occur in your kidneys, bladder, ureters or urethra – but most infections involve the bladder and urethra. Most UTIs are more annoying than harmful, but if the infection spreads to your kidneys, serious complications can occur.


A varicocele is the enlargement of elongation of the mass of veins that leave the testes. When something damages one or more of the veins, a varicocele can result. When a man has a varicocele, the mass (or network) of veins leaving the scrotum may appear visibly blue (similar to the varicose veins that appear in some people’s legs). Varicoceles don’t always cause problems, but they can lead to infertility due to low sperm production and decreased sperm quality caused by the damaged vein(s). Varicoceles may also cause the testicles to atrophy (shrink).

Vasectomy and Vasectomy Reversal

A vasectomy is a procedure performed to prevent the release of sperm during ejaculation. The purpose of a vasectomy is to be a permanent form of birth control. A vasectomy reversal is a procedure performed to reverse the effects of a vasectomy. Most often it is performed so the man will be able to father children again.

How Do I Schedule a Consultation With a Urology Specialist?

To schedule a consultation or appointment with a urology specialist at Aurora, call one of the urology offices directly. View the list of Aurora urologists.