Vertigo is a feeling of spinning or whirling when you are not moving. It can also be an exaggerated feeling of motion when your body is still. Vertigo is a symptom that can be caused by many different conditions. Vertigo is different from passing dizziness or lightheadedness.
Inner ear nerves and structures sense the position of your head and body in space. Vertigo is often caused by problems with these nerves and structures. Less commonly, it is due to problems in the brain.
Vertigo can be classified as:
Vertigo of Peripheral Origin
Vertigo of peripheral origin is caused by problems of the inner ear. It is the most common type of vertigo. Causes may include:
Vertigo of Central Origin
Vertigo of central origin is not as common as vertigo of peripheral origin, but it is more serious. This type of vertigo is affects the brainstem or the cerebellum, the region of the brain that controls balance. Causes may include:
Vertigo is a symptom that may be caused by many conditions. Having any of the conditions will make your more prone to having vertigo.
Common vertigo symptoms include:
Vertigo is different then lightheadedness. With lightheadedness, there is no sensation of movement. People often feel lightheaded before they faint.
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. To find the cause of your vertigo, your doctor may recommend tests. Tests may include:
Vertigo is a symptom of another medical condition. Treatment will focus managing the underlying medical condition. Efforts may also be used to decrease the symptoms of vertigo.These may include one or more of the following:
Living with vertigo can be challenging, but not impossible. Try these tips:
If you are in a crowded, open space or out in public:
You and your doctor will plan lifestyle changes. These may that may help include:
If you are out in public:
American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Vestibular Disorders Association
Balance and Dizziness Disorders Society
Canadian Academy of Audiology
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Last reviewed April 2013 by Rimas Lukas, MD; Brian Randall, MD