Histoplasmosis is an infection that usually affects the lungs.
Histoplasmosis is caused by a specific fungus. People often become infected when they inhale the fungus. The fungus can become airborne in dust or debris during demolition projects. People can also come in contact with the fungus through contact with to soil contaminated with bat or bird droppings.
Factors that may increase your chance of exporue to histoplasmosis include:
Not everyone who comes in contact with the fungus will develop an infection. Medical conditions that weaken your immune system, like HIV, can increase your chance if infection.
Histoplasmosis does not generally cause symptoms. Symptoms that may occur include:
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
To look for signs of infection, your doctor may order:
The immune system can often remove the fungus. People who have no symptoms or mild symptoms do not need treatment.
Antifungal medication may be needed if symptoms last for more than one month.
If you have a supressed immune system, like HIV, you may need life-long antifungal medication. The medication will help to prevent a recurrence of histoplasmosis.
If you might be exposed to bird or bat droppings, wear a face mask.
If you have a weakened immune system, completely avoid:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
Manitoba Health, Communicable Disease Control Unit
Public Health Agency of Canada
Histoplasmosis. American Academy of Family Physicians Family Doctor website. Available at: http://familydocto... . Updated January 2010. Accessed September 19, 2013.
Histoplasmosis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/fungal/histoplasmosis . Updated May 6, 2013. Accessed September 19, 2013.
Histoplasmosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us . Updated May 21, 2013. Accessed September 19, 2013.
Last reviewed September 2013 by Michael Woods, MD