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Screening for Alzheimer’s Disease
The purpose of screening is early diagnosis and treatment. Screening tests are usually done for people without any current symptoms, but who may be at high risk for certain diseases or conditions.
Screening Tests or Guidelines
There are several tests that doctors may use to screen for Alzheimer's disease. Examples include:
Genetic testing is available, but it is not routinely used in most patients. It may be done in patients with a family history of early-onset Alzheimer's. Researchers are also studying whether specialized imaging tests would be helpful in screening for Alzheimer's disease. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) evaluation via a lumbar puncture (spinal tap) may play a role in the diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease.
Alzheimer's disease. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated July 11, 2012. Accessed August 22, 2012.
Alzheimer's disease medications fact sheet. National Institute on Aging website. Available at: http://www.nia.nih.gov/Alzheimers/Publications/medicationsfs.htm . Updated July 2010. Accessed August 22, 2012.
Know the 10 signs. Alzheimer’s Association website. Available at: http://www.alz.org/ . Accessed August 22, 2012.
Drago V, et al. Disease tracking markers for Alzheimer’s disease at the prodromal (MCI) stage. J Alzhemier’s Dis. 2011;26 Suppl 3:159-199.
Hampel H, et al. Biomarker’s for Alzheimer’s disease: academic, industry and regulatory perspectives. Nat Rev Drug Discov . 2010;9(7):560-74.
Wolk DA, Klunk W. Update on amyloid imaging: from healthy aging to Alzheimer's disease. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep . 2009;9(5):345-352.
7/6/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php : Brown J, Pengas G, Dawson K, Brown LA, Clatworthy P. Self administered cognitive screening test (TYM) for detection of Alzheimer's disease: cross sectional study. BMJ . 2009;338:b2030.
Last reviewed September 2012 by Rimas Lukas, MD
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