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Risk Factors for Kidney Stones
A risk factor is something that increases your likelihood of getting a disease or condition.
It is possible to develop kidney stones with or without the risk factors listed below. However, the more risk factors you have, the greater your likelihood of developing kidney stones.
Personal or family history of kidney stones is one of the more common factors. Kidney stones are also more common in adults under 40 years old who are Caucasian or Asian. Risk factors for specific types of kidney stones include:
Uric Acid Stones
A rare genetic disorder increases risk of cystine stones.
Kidney stones and ureteral stones. Urology Care Foundation website. Available at: http://www.urologyhealth.org/urology/index.cfm?article=148 . Accessed April 16, 2013.
Kidney stones in adults. National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse website. Available at: http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/stonesadults . Updated January 28, 2013. Accessed April 16, 2013.
Nephrolithiasis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us . Updated March 22, 2013 . Accessed April 16, 2013.
Pietrow PK, Karellas ME. Medical management of common urinary calculi. Am Fam Physician . 2006;74(1):86-94.
Last reviewed June 2013 by Adrienne Carmack, MD
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