• Main Page • Risk Factors • Symptoms • Diagnosis • Treatment • Screening • Reducing Your Risk • Talking to Your Doctor • Living With PMS • Resource Guide
Conditions InDepth: Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a disorder marked by physical and behavioral symptoms that occur in a cyclical pattern. They appear a week or two before an expected menstrual period and improve with the onset of menses. The nature and severity of symptoms vary. If your symptoms are so severe that they interfere with daily activities, talk to your doctor about treatment options.
Many women of reproductive age have discomfort prior to menses, but a small number cases are thought to be categorized as PMS. This problem is most commonly seen between the ages of 25-34. An even smaller percentage of women with PMS have a very severe form called premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD).
Although the cause of PMS is not known, the cyclical pattern that parallels the menstrual cycle has directed the focus of study to hormonal changes. These changes are thought to act with other factors in the nervous system, as well as the environment, to trigger the symptoms of PMS.
• What are the risk factors for premenstrual syndrome? • What are the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome? • How is premenstrual syndrome diagnosed? • What are the treatments for premenstrual syndrome? • Are there screening tests for premenstrual syndrome? • How do I reduce my risk of premenstrual syndrome? • What questions should I ask my doctor? • What is it like to live with premenstrual syndrome? • Where can I get more information about premenstrual syndrome?
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Practice bulletin: premenstrual syndrome. ACOG. No. 15. April 2000.
Premenstrual syndrome. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/ . Updated June 14, 2012. Accessed August 20, 2012.
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Family Doctor.org website. Available at: http://familydocto... . Updated August 2010. Accessed August 20, 2012.
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) fact sheet. Women's Health.gov website. Available at: http://www.womensh... . Updated May 18, 2010. Accessed August 20, 2012.
Last reviewed September 2012 by Andrea Chisholm
EBSCO Publishing is fully accredited by URAC. URAC is an independent, nonprofit health care accrediting organization dedicated to promoting health care quality through accreditation, certification and commendation.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
To send comments or feedback to our Editorial Team regarding the content please email us at firstname.lastname@example.org