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Lifestyle Changes to Manage AIDS
The major lifestyle measures recommended for AIDS and HIV infection are:
General Guidelines for Managing AIDS
Decreasing Your Risk of Infections and Keeping Your Immune System Healthy
If you are infected with HIV, your immune system may not be able to fight off other infections. Suggestions to lower your risk of infections and to keep your immune system as healthy as possible include:
Preventing the Spread of HIV to Others
Having sex or sharing needles with another person can transmit HIV.
To avoid infecting anyone else:
Emotional Support and Counseling
Counseling with a mental health professional can:
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a form of counseling that focuses on how your thoughts affect the way you feel and act. CBT can help relieve stress, diminish feelings of anger, and improve symptoms of depression and anxiety.
In addition, you may find benefit from attending support groups. Other types of therapy, like art therapy, may also be helpful.
When to Contact Your Doctor
Contact your doctor if you notice new or worsening health problems or symptoms.
A guide to primary care of people with HIV/AIDS. National Institute of Health and Human Services website. Available at: http://hab.hrsa.gov/deliverhivaidscare/files/primary2004ed.pdf . Accessed May 15, 2013.
HIV and AIDS. American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: http://familydocto... . Updated December 2010. Accessed May 15, 2013.
HIV/AIDS. Center for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/index.html . Accessed May 15, 2013.
HIV/AIDS. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease website. Available at: http://www.niaid.n... . Accessed May 15, 2013.
Last reviewed June 2013 by Michael Woods, MD
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