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Reducing Your Risk of AIDS
Do Not Have Unprotected Sex
Sexual activity is the most likely way to become infected with HIV. People infected with HIV may not look sick. There is no way to tell if your partner has HIV without having been tested. Take precautions when engaging in intercourse or any other sexual act that results in an exchange of body fluids.
Suggestions to lower your risk include:
In addition, being circumcised may also reduce the risk of HIV.
Do Not Share Needles or Syringes
Using a needle or syringe contaminated with HIV-infected blood can cause you to become infected. Do not share needles with anyone. Remember that people may not even be aware that they have HIV.
Use Appropriate Safety Precautions for Healthcare Workers or Caregivers
HIV is transmitted through infected blood and body fluids. When caring for patients:
Donate Your Own Blood for Elective Surgical Procedures
Blood products are screened for HIV, but there is still a small risk because tests cannot detect HIV immediately after transmission. To reduce your risk of contracting HIV through blood products, consider donating your own blood for elective surgical procedures.
To Prevent Spreading HIV to Others
To prevent spreading HIV to others if you are HIV infected:
HIV/AIDS. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease website. Available at: http://www.niaid.n.... Accessed May 15, 2013.
HIV/AIDS. Center for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/index.html. Accessed May 15, 2013.
A guide to primary care of people with HIV/AIDS. National Institute of Health and Human Services website. Available at: http://hab.hrsa.gov/deliverhivaidscare/files/primary2004ed.pdf. Accessed May 15, 2013.
HIV and AIDS. American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: http://familydocto... . Updated December 2010. Accessed May 15, 2013.
3/8/2007 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
: Auvert B, Taljaard D, Lagard E, Sobngwi-Tambekou J, Sitta R, Puren A. Randomized, controlled intervention trial of male circumcision for reduction of HIV infection risk: the ANRS 1265 Trial.
2005;2:e298. Epub Oct 25, 2005.
6/11/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.dynamicmedical.com/what.php : Del Romero J, Castilla J, Hernando V, Rodríguez C, García S. Combined antiretroviral treatment and heterosexual transmission of HIV-1: cross sectional and prospective cohort study. BMJ. 2010:c2205.
Last reviewed May 2013 by Michael K. Mansour, MD, PhD
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