(Dandy-Walker Malformation; Dandy Walker Syndrome; Familial Dandy Walker; Dandy Walker Malformation)
Dandy-Walker syndrome is a brain deformity that develops before birth. The deformity occurs in an area in the back of the brain. This area controls movement and cognitive learning. This syndrome can also affect fluid-filled chambers of the brain called ventricles. The ventricles may have an abnormal build-up of fluid.
Dandy-Walker syndrome may be inherited. If a parent has Dandy-Walker syndrome, the child has a higher risk of the condition. There are no other known risk factors.
Symptoms of Dandy-Walker syndrome often occur in infancy. Some may not appear until childhood. Most are found within the first year of life. Symptoms may include:
Children with this syndrome may also have other birth deformities of the brain, heart, face, or limbs.
Your doctor will ask about your child's symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Your doctor may also order test to take details pictures of the brain. This will help show changes to the ventricles. Pictures may be made with:
Dandy-Walker syndrome cannot be treated. Instead, treatment will focus on managing symptoms.
The build-up of fluid in the ventricles may need treatment. Extra fluid can cause increased pressure and swelling in the brain. Fluid may be drained by:
Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan.
Children's Craniofacial Association
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
Canadian Neurological Sciences Federation
Aldinger KA, Lehmann OJ, Hudgins L, et al. FOXC1 is required for normal cerebellar development and is a major contributor to chromosome 6p25.3 Dandy-Walker malformation. Nature Genetics. 2009;41(9):1037-1042.
Dandy-Walker syndrome. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/dandywalker/dandywalker.htm . Updated December 16, 2011. Accessed May 21, 2013.
Sarnat HB. Flores-Sarnat L. Developmental disorders of the nervous system. In: Bradley WG, Daroff RB, Fenichek GM, Jankovic J, eds. Neurology in Clinical Practice. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Butterworth Heinemann Elsevier; 2008.
Spennato P, et al. Hydrocephalus in Dandy-Walker malformation. Childs Nerv Syst. 2011;27:1665-81.