A Jackson-Pratt drain (or JP drain) is a rubber tubing that may be placed after surgery. It may also be used with infections or injury that can cause a build up of fluid.
Reasons for Procedure
Fluid that collects inside the body can increase the chance of infection or other complications. The JP drain allows fluids to move out of the body. The drain may be placed:
Complications are rare, but no procedure is completely free of risk. Your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:
What to Expect
Prior to Procedure
Leading up to the procedure:
General anesthesia will be used. It will block any pain and keep you asleep through the surgery.
Description of the Procedure
Once you are under anesthesia, your doctor will make an incision in your skin. The end of the drain tubing will be placed into the area where fluid has collected. The other end of the tubing will be connected to the squeeze bulb outside of your body. The doctor will remove the stopper from the bulb, squeeze it to create suction inside the drain system, and replace the stopper. This suction will pull the unwanted fluid out of your body. The doctor will then close the skin over the drain.
If you are having surgery, this JP drain will be inserted at the end of the operation.
Immediately After Procedure
If you are staying in the hospital, the nurses will care for and empty your drain.
How Long Will It Take?
15-20 minutes to place the JP drain
How Much Will It Hurt?
You may have mild to moderate pain where the JP drain is placed. Your doctor will recommend or prescribe medication to help with the pain.
Average Hospital Stay
This procedure is done in a hospital setting. The length of stay depends on the type of surgery you are having. You may be able to go home the same day if the surgery is minor.
When you return home, do the following to help ensure a smooth recovery:
Removal of a drain depends on how fast you heal from the surgery or injury. Your doctor may remove the drain when there is less than 1-2 tablespoons (15-30 milliliters) of fluid per day being drained. If you have more than one drain, they may not be removed at the same time.
Call Your Doctor
After you leave the hospital, contact your doctor if any of the following occurs:
In case of an emergency, call for medical help right away.
National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse
National Library of Medicine
Care of the JP drain. University of Pittsburgh Medical Center website. Available at: http://patienteducation.upmc.com/Pdf/JPDrain.pdf . Accessed March 6, 2008.
Caring for your Jackson Pratt drainage system. Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center website. Available at: http://www.mskcc.o... . Updated 2004. Accessed September 9, 2009.
Hughes S, Ozgur B, German M, Taylor W. Prolonged Jackson-Pratt drainage in the management of lumbar cerebrospinal fluid leaks. Surg Neurol. 2006;65:410-414.
Last reviewed March 2013 by Michael Woods, MD