(Syndrome X; Insulin Resistance Syndrome; Dysmetabolic Syndrome)
Metabolic syndrome is a group of risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Metabolic syndrome puts a person at risk for:
Metabolic syndrome is characterized by:
The exact cause of metabolic syndrome is not known. It believed to be due to a combination of factors, such as:
Factors that increase your risk of metabolic syndrome include:
You may be diagnosed with metabolic syndrome if you have at least three of the following:
*mg/dL = milligrams per deciliter blood, mmol/L = millimoles per liter blood
The treatment of metabolic syndrome involves:
Gastric bypass or other weight loss surgery may be helpful to treat metabolic syndrome. Talk to your doctor to learn if this is an option for you.
Treatment of Underlying Causes
Treatment of Specific Metabolic Abnormality
To reduce your chances of metabolic syndrome, take these steps:
American Heart Association
National Institute of Diabetes & Digestive & Kidney Diseases
Canadian Cardiovascular Society
Canadian Diabetes Association
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2/17/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php : Davidson LE, Hudson R, Kilpatrick K, et al. Effects of exercise modality on insulin resistance and functional limitation in older adults: a randomized controlled trial. Arch Intern Med . 2009;169:122-131.
5/11/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php : Nettleton JA, Lutsey PL, Wang Y, Lima JA, Michos ED, Jacobs DR. Diet soda intake and risk of incident metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Diabetes Care . 2009;32:688-694.
Last reviewed June 2013 by Brian Randall, MD