(Buccofacial Apraxia; Conceptual Apraxia; Constructional Apraxia; Gait Apraxia; Ideomotor Apraxia; Limb-Kinetic Apraxia; Movement Disorder; Orofacial Apraxia; Stroke Complications)
by Mary Cresse
Apraxia happens when you are unable to do learned movements or signals. You may have the desire and the physical ability to do the movements, but you cannot. There are many types of apraxia.
Apraxia is caused by diseases or damage in the brain, such as:
Apraxia may be due to stroke. It is important to know the risk factors for stroke such as:
Some common forms of apraxia and their symptoms include:
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Tests may include:
If you are diagnosed with apraxia, you could also have aphasia. Aphasia is a language disorder.
Your treatment depends on what kind of apraxia you have. Families should ask about individualized treatment programs such as:
It is also important to treat the cause of the apraxia.
It may be difficult to prevent this condition. It is strongly linked to stroke. Following steps to prevent stroke may help. Some of these steps include:
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada
Apraxia in adults. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association website. Available at: http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/ApraxiaAdults.htm . Accessed May 21, 2013.
Childhood apraxia of speech. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association website. Available at: http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/ChildhoodApraxia.htm . Accessed May 21, 2013.
Curioni C, André C, Veras R. Weight reduction for primary prevention of stroke in adults with overweight or obesity. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews [serial online]. 2006;4. Available at: http://www.cochran... . Accessed May 21, 2013.
Lukas RV. Two automobile collisions in one day. J Emerg Med. 2012;43(4):e263-4.
NINDS apraxia information page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/apraxia/apraxia.htm . Updated October 1, 2010. Accessed May 21, 2013.
NINDS frontotemporal dementia information page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke website. Available at: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/picks/picks.htm . Updated March 20, 2013. Accessed May 21, 2013.
Last reviewed May 2013 by Rimas Lukas, MD; Michael Woods, MD