Fluid Restricted Diet
What Is a Fluid Restricted Diet?
A fluid restricted diet limits the amount of fluid that you consume each day. In addition to beverages, many foods provide fluids. Examples include ice cream, yogurt, gelatin, pudding, soups, sauces, and watery fruits.
Why Should I Follow a Fluid Restricted Diet?
A fluid restricted diet helps prevent fluid from building up in the body. You may need to follow a fluid restricted diet if you have end-stage kidney disease, are on dialysis, or have congestive heart failure. In these cases, not following a fluid restricted diet can add stress to the body and lead to additional complications.
How Much Fluid Can I Have?
This varies depending on factors, like your body size and health conditions. For heart disease, many doctors recommend limiting fluid to 64 ounces (8 cups) per day. Your doctor will prescribe a fluid allowance that is right for you.
What Foods Should be Limited on the Fluid Restricted Diet?
The following foods and beverages should be limited on the fluid restricted diet:
American Dietetic Association
Dietitians of Canada
The Kidney Foundation of Canada
American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.americanheart.org . Accessed January 19, 2009.
Bots CP, Brand H, Veerman E, et al. Chewing gum and a saliva substitute alleviate thirst and xerostomia in patients on hemodialysis. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation . 2005;20(3):578-584.
Last reviewed March 2013 by Dianne Scheinberg Rishikof MS, RD, LDN