Freedom From the Fear of Public Speaking
The fear of public speaking is a type of social phobia characterized by an intense fear of social or performance situations. Social phobias can trigger physical symptoms, like heart palpitations, tremors, sweating, diarrhea, confusion, and blushing.
What Causes This Fear?
Researchers have not pinpointed the exact cause of public-speaking fear or other types of social phobias. But, some possible explanations include:
The fear of public speaking can be being successfully treated by cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). During CBT, people learn to change negative thought patterns and behaviors. People can then confront audiences under the supervision of a trained therapist. Instead of fleeing from the fear, individuals confront their anxiety with a goal of steadily reducing the dread they once felt.
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and other types of medications may also be used to treat the fear of public speaking.
Build Your Skills!
Toastmasters International is an organization where members meet regularly to practice public speaking in a supportive environment. Toastmasters offers these tips for success:
If you are interested in gaining experience by joining Toastmasters International, the organization has meetings throughout the United States.
American Psychiatric Association
National Institute of Mental Health
Canadian Psychiatric Association
Canadian Mental Health Association
Social anxiety disorder. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/. Updated October 29, 2013. Accessed November 4, 2013.
Social anxiety fact sheet. Social Phobia/Social Anxiety Association website. Available at: http://www.socialphobia.org/fact.html#top. Accessed November 4, 2013.
Social phobia (social anxiety disorder). National Institutes of Mental Health website. Available at: http://www.nimh.ni.... Accessed November 21, 2011.
Last reviewed November 2013 by Michael Woods, MD