If your doctor suspects you have endometrial cancer, he or she may recommend some tests, which may include:
Hysteroscopy, where a tiny viewing scope is inserted through your vagina and cervix to view the inside of the uterus.
Dilation and curettage (D&C), a biopsy in which an instrument is inserted through your vagina into the uterus, where it scrapes away the inside lining of the uterus.
Ultrasound measures the thickness of the uterine lining.
Cystoscopy or proctoscopy checks if cancer has spread to your urethra, bladder or rectum.
Computed tomography scan (CT) can confirm the presence of a tumor and also show its precise location, size and whether it’s spread to other tissue.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images are used to view biochemical changes in the body to detect cancerous tumors, particularly those that have spread outside the uterus.
Positron emission tomography (PET), where a specific dye injected into your vein highlights cancer cells growing anywhere in the body.
CA-125 test, a blood test looks for elevated levels of a substance that could indicate the presence of cancer.
Other tests include chest X-rays, a special X-ray of the urinary system (intravenous pyelogram) and various blood tests.