Blood clotting helps stop bleeding after you’ve been cut or injured. Once the bleeding stops and healing begins, your body breaks down and dissolves the clots.
But blood clots can also cause problems. Excessive blood clotting allows clots to form too easily and prevents them from dissolving properly. If your body doesn’t dissolve them properly, the clots can block or restrict blood flow inside your veins and arteries, seriously damaging nearby tissues and organs.
Sometimes blood clotting is genetic or caused by acquired conditions, such as diabetes or metabolic syndrome
. Other times, it’s caused by risk factors such as obesity and smoking.
Depending on where they’re located, the clots may damage your brain, heart, lungs or limbs – sometimes with life-threatening consequences. So it’s important to have blood clotting issues treated.