Mitral ValveDisease


Mitral valve disease is a type of heart valve disease. It happens when there’s a malfunction in the flaps that close your mitral valve, which controls blood flow between the upper and lower chambers on the left side of your heart. 

There are 3 types of mitral valve disease:


The most common symptom of mitral valve disease is a heart murmur, an extra or unusual whooshing or swishing noise your doctor hears when listening to your heart with a stethoscope.

Depending on the type of mitral valve disease you have, your symptoms may also include:

  • A fluttering, racing, or irregular heartbeat
  • Chest pain (This may happen only when you exert yourself.)
  • Dizziness
  • Fainting
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath, especially when you exert yourself or when you’re lying down
  • Swelling in your ankles, feet, legs, abdomen and neck veins


To diagnose mitral valve disease, your doctor will first ask you about any symptoms you have. He or she will perform a physical exam, and may refer you to a cardiologist. Your cardiologist can offer diagnostic tests, such as:

Services & Treatment

If you’re diagnosed with mitral valve disease, your doctor will work with you on a treatment plan tailored to your needs. This may involve healthy lifestyle changes and medicines to treat your symptoms, such as beta blockers, blood thinners, blood pressure drugs or diuretics.

Eventually, you may need surgery to repair or replace a faulty heart valve. Your heart surgeon can repair a damaged mitral valve by:

  • Adding tissue to patch holes in the valve or to reinforce it
  • Removing or reshaping tissue so the valve can close more tightly
  • Separating fused valve flaps

Your surgeon may recommend:

Why Aurora?

You're at the Heart of Our Care 

Aurora Health Care offers coordinated care for preventing, diagnosing and treating heart and vascular disease. World-renowned heart and vascular specialists diagnose and treat all types of cardiovascular conditions and disorders, using the most advanced state-of-the-art tools and technologies available today. 

You can count on personalized, compassionate care from experts. We’re leaders in treating mitral valve disease. We’ll be there to support you every step of the way – before, during and after your surgery, as well as on your road to recovery.

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