When your heart valve is too narrow to allow blood to flow through it, you may have a disease called aortic stenosis.
Usually, patients are treated with surgical aortic valve replacement
, but there are some people for whom it's too risky to have an open-heart. In those cases, a transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) can be a good option. TAVR is a minimally invasive procedure used to replace the aortic valve and treat aortic stenosis. It results in a smaller incision than tradition open heart surgery, and it takes less time, which may result in a shorter recovery time.
The aortic valve typically opens and closes freely. In some older people, the valve can grow stiff because of calcium buildup. If you have aortic stenosis and it’s not treated, your heart valve will become weaker. You’ll experience fatigue, dizziness, chest pain or pressure, a heart murmur, shortness of breath during activity, heart palpitations and fainting.
Without effective treatment like a TAVR, as many as 50% of patients with severe aortic stenosis die within 2 years.