Craniofacial Fracture

A craniofacial fracture happens when one or more bones in your face break. It’s usually the result of a severe head trauma, such as a car accident or fall. You can fracture the bones around your eyes, cheekbones, skull, upper or lower jawbone, frontal sinus bone or nasal bone. Serious craniofacial fractures require neurosurgical treatment.



Symptoms of craniofacial fracture include:

  • Concussion
  • Dizziness
  • Feeling faint, tired or passing out
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Pain, swelling or bruising of your face
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Vision changes

Some head injuries are serious enough to cause more than broken facial bones. If you have blood in your ears or numbness in your arms and legs, you may have a brain injury, as well. Brain injuries can cause other serious health problems.

If a bone is broken and dislodged, you may also experience symptoms from the bone pressing on your brain or nerves.


To diagnose a craniofacial fracture, your doctor will examine your face and talk with you about your symptoms. You might also have tests, such as:

  • CT scan
  • MRI
  • X-ray
  • Neurological tests to see how well your nervous system is working
  • Exam of your ears and nose to check for cerebrospinal fluid leaks

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Treatment Options

Dr. Amin Kassam, Aurora’s Vice President of Neurosciences, explains the Expanded Endonasal Approach.

Your Aurora care team, including our team of neurologists, will work with you to find the right treatment for your needs. Depending on the severity of the injury, you may need craniofacial surgery. 

We are home to the Aurora Neuroscience Innovation Institute (ANII), which brings together dedicated neurosurgeons and advanced technology to offer you the latest surgical techniques, including the Expanded Endonasal Approach (EEA), a minimally invasive procedure in which the brain is accessed through the nasal passages, resulting in:

  • No incisions
  • A shorter hospital stay 
  • Faster recovery

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