Dermoid & Epidermoid Tumors

Epidermoid and dermoid tumors are noncancerous fluid-filled sacs. They occur most often in the skull or on the face, though they can also be on the brain, in the sinuses or on the spinal cord. They’re sometimes called dermoid and epidermoid cysts.

Overview

Symptoms

Dermoid and epidermoid tumors grow slowly. If these benign tumors press on surrounding tissues, symptoms may include:

  • Brain swelling 
  • Facial pain, numbness or weakness
  • Hearing loss
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Seizures 
  • Vision problems

Diagnosis

First, you’ll meet with your doctor for a physical exam. You’ll talk about your symptoms and your doctor may order imaging tests such as an MRI or a CT scan.

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Treatment Options

Dr. Amin Kassam, vice president for Neurosciences at Aurora Health Care, explains the Expanded Endonasal Approach, a minimally invasive surgery technique.

If you have dermoid and epidermoid tumors, your Aurora care team, which includes neurologists and neurosurgeons, will work with you to develop a customized treatment plan to meet your needs. 

If cyst removal surgery is required to remove the tumors, your surgeon may use the Expanded Endonasal Approach (EEA), a minimally invasive procedure in which the tumor is removed through the nasal passages, resulting in no incisions, a shorter hospital stay and faster recovery than with traditional brain surgery.

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