A neurofibroma is a tumor located on nerves in the brain or spine. If there’s more than one tumor, it could be the sign of a genetic condition called neurofibromatosis. Neurofibromas are usually benign but can become cancerous or damage the nerves.



Neurofibromas tend to be painless and grow slowly. If they push on nerves, symptoms may include:

  • Balance problems
  • Changes to vision
  • Numbness or tingling


Diagnosis of a neurofibroma will begin with talking to your doctor about your symptoms and medical history. Tests may include an eye exam. Your doctor may also order imaging tests such as an MRI. If he or she suspects neurofibromatosis, you may be referred to a genetic counselor for testing.

Treatment Options

Dr. Amin Kassam, Aurora’s Vice President of Neurosciences, explains the Expanded Endonasal Approach.

If symptoms are mild, your doctor may recommend watchful waiting. Neurofibromatosis cannot be cured, though your neurologist may decide to remove tumors. 

If surgery is required to remove the tumor, Aurora offers the Expanded Endonasal Approach (EEA), a minimally invasive procedure in which the tumor is removed through the nasal passages, resulting in no incisions, a shorter hospital stay and faster recovery.

If the tumor is cancerous, your doctor will talk with you about additional neurofibroma treatment options.

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