There are two kinds of pituitary adenomas: functioning (which produce hormones) and nonfunctioning (which do not). Symptoms will vary based on which type of tumor you have.
The hormones secreted by functioning adenomas include: adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), a hormone that regulates cortisone and the stress-response system; antidiuretic hormone (ADH), a hormone that helps the body retain water and constrict blood vessels; human growth hormone (HGH), a hormone that stimulates the growth of cells; luteinizing hormone/follicle stimulating hormone, hormones that regulate the female reproductive system; prolactin, a hormone that stimulates lactation (milk production) and regulates the reproductive system; and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), a hormone that can affect metabolism.
Symptoms of a pituitary adenoma may include:
Adenomas can cause complications, including:
First, you’ll meet with your doctor for a physical exam and to discuss your symptoms. Next, your doctor may order one or more of the following tests:
If you’ve got a pituitary adenoma, your expert neurosurgical team will work with you to find the best treatment. Treatments may include:
Because pituitary adenomas can reoccur, regular follow-up visits are recommended.