Barrett’s esophagus is a serious complication of gastroesophageal reflux (GERD), gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a chronic regurgitation of stomach acid into the lower esophagus. This is when esophagus tissue changes to intestinal tissue, exposing the esophagus to stomach acid and injuring the lining. Occurring in about 10 percent of people with GERD, it can increase the chance of developing into cancer.
Barrett’s esophagus treatment depends on whether there are cellular changes noted on the biopsy and the degree of changes. If there’s no dysplasia, your doctor may recommend medication to reduce the amount of acid the body produces.
Your doctor might recommend treating any GERD symptoms with medication or with surgery to tighten the muscle that controls the flow of stomach acid.
Your doctor might recommend dietary/lifestyle modifications to control GERD.
If your case is more serious, your doctor may recommend radiofrequency ablation, which uses heat to remove the abnormal tissue.
If you've been diagnosed with Barrett's esophagus, it's important to have regular checkups to help prevent cancer.