hepatitis C


Hepatitis C is a serious viral infection that affects the liver. It is most often spread by contact with blood and contaminated needles. Hepatitis C can lead to liver scarring (cirrhosis), liver failure and liver cancer. Most people who have it don’t know it until routine tests show liver damage.


Most people have no symptoms. Hepatitis C symptoms can include:

  • Fever
  • Muscle and joint pain
  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Jaundice (yellowing of skin and eyes)
  • Abdominal pain
  • Fatigue
  • Dark urine
  • Clay-colored bowel movements


To diagnose hepatitis C, your doctor will ask you about any risk factors and symptoms you may have. Then he or she will perform a physical exam, and may order blood tests. 

services & treatment

If you have hepatitis C, your doctor will work with you on the best treatment option. You should be monitored regularly by an experienced doctor. You may not need treatment for hepatitis C, though your doctor may suggest ways to help with symptoms such as nausea and low energy, or may recommend an antiviral medication. Your doctor may also recommend that you get vaccinated against hepatitis A and B to avoid contracting them and further damaging your liver.

If you have hepatitis C, take steps to protect your health and the health of others:

  • Avoid drinking alcohol.
  • Avoid drugs that cause liver damage. (Your doctor can review your prescription and over-the-counter drugs with you.)
  • Cover open wounds.
  • Don’t share toothbrushes or razors.
  • Don’t donate blood, organs or semen.
  • Tell health care workers that you have the virus so they can protect themselves from coming into contact with your blood.
  • Do not use intravenous drugs.
  • Practice safe sex; if you have sex, use protection and ask partners about their sexual health.

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