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Inflammatory BowelDisease


If frequently have digestive problems like pain, cramps and diarrhea, you may have IBD. You’re not alone. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) refers to a group of chronic conditions that cause the digestive tract to become inflamed, leading to pain and reduced quality of life. 

Crohn’s disease is a form of IBD that affects the lining of the digestive tract and can spread to your bowel tissue. 

Ulcerative colitis also causes inflammation in the digestive tract, usually the inner lining of the large intestine and rectum.


Symptoms of IBD differ depending on where the condition occurs and how severe it is. Symptoms of both Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis may include:

If you notice changes in your bowel habits or if you have other symptoms that worry you, talk to your doctor.


To diagnose IBD, your doctor may order tests such as:

  • Blood tests
  • Fecal occult blood test (to find out if you have blood in your stool)
  • Sigmoidoscopy to examine the lower colon and rectum. A flexible tube is inserted into the anus to see inside the digestive system.
  • Colonoscopy 
  • Capsule endoscopy: A patient swallows a capsule that contains a tiny camera that takes pictures of the digestive tract.
  • MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) and CT (computed tomography) scan.
  • Barium enema X-ray: An enema coats the lining of the bowls with a dye (barium), which helps show the rectum, colon and part of the intestine on X-rays.
  • Double balloon endoscopy: An endoscope (long tube) is inserted down the throat to see from the esophagus to the colon.

Services & Treatment

If you have IBD, your team Aurora care team will work with you to determine the best treatment options. Treatment for IBD generally focuses on reducing the inflammation in the digestive tract to improve symptoms and help prevent complications. 

Medications to treat IBD include:

  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Immune system suppressor drugs
  • Antibiotics
  • Anti-diarrheal drugs
  • Pain relieving drugs
  • Iron, calcium and vitamin supplements
  • Laxatives
  • Nutrition: This may be necessary with either an injection or feeding tube to treat malnutrition and let your bowel rest.
If medications don’t alleviate your symptoms, your doctor may recommend surgery. 

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