Many people think of a bunion as a cosmetic problem, because a bunion is a bump that sticks out on the inside of the foot, at the base of your big toe joint. But bunions can cause pain, inflammation and other problems that may require medical treatment.
When the big toe presses against your other toes, the joint at the base of the toe gets larger and starts to stick out. As a bunion grows, it can push the big toe under or over the other toes, and the joint can become sore and inflamed.
Our orthopedic surgeons and podiatrists are specially trained in treating foot problems. We’ll first try nonsurgical methods – like better footwear and physical therapy – to make your foot feel better.
If you need surgical treatment for a bunion, our experts will discuss all your options. These procedures may include realigning the toe joint or surgically repairing tendons and ligaments.
Bunions are more than a cosmetic issue. In fact, they’re a type of foot deformity. That’s why it is important to get bunion treatment from foot experts, like those at Aurora Health Care.
Our team will carefully evaluate your feet to identify the cause of your bunions. Then we’ll provide treatment options to help relieve pain while walking, working and doing the activities you enjoy most.
At Aurora, you’ll find:
Bunions can be inherited – after all, the shape and structure of your feet come from your parents. However, the biggest factor in how bunions grow tends to be shoes that squeeze your toes unnaturally. That’s why women experience bunions more often than men do.
Bunions may result from:
The clearest sign of a bunion is a bump on the inside of the foot, about an inch below the big toe.
You might notice other symptoms of a bunion like:
If you have a bunion, you and your doctor can probably identify it by sight.
Your doctor may do additional tests to learn more about the bunion and its cause. These tests may include:
Learn more about orthopedic diagnosis.
Bunions can cause related problems, including:
Most bunions form just below the big toe, but there are other types of bunions, too:
Bunion surgery can provide pain relief and restores normal foot function. However, nonsurgical methods are often enough to treat many bunions, especially if you catch them early.
Before you consider bunion surgery, try these treatment options:
If you’ve tried nonsurgical treatments without success, you might be ready to talk to your doctor about surgery. Surgery can help when a bunion interferes with wearing regular shoes and keeps you from fully enjoying your life.
Your doctor will talk with you about your specific foot shape and your surgical options. We may perform surgery to:
Most people go home the same day they have bunion surgery. Recovery usually takes about 4 to 8 weeks before you can return to all of your regular activities.
Bunion surgery may not eliminate the bunion entirely, but it does provide pain relief for most people. After surgery, it is important to avoid poorly fitting shoes, or the bunion will likely return.