Surgery is the most common treatment for spinal neurofibromas that are causing symptoms. The tumor will be surgically removed by taking out a portion of the vertebral bone (laminectomy). Afterward, your doctor will work to stabilize your remaining vertebrae and biopsy the tumor to determine whether it’s cancerous. Your doctor may also perform a nerve graft – a procedure in which the damaged nerve is replaced with a section of healthy nerve taken from another location in your body.
In some cases, tumors can be treated using stereotactic radiosurgery
, such as CyberKnife®
, which delivers a high dose of radiation with pinpoint accuracy. There are no incisions required, and it doesn’t damage surrounding healthy tissue.
If you’re not a good candidate for surgery, or your tumor can’t be easily or completely removed, you could qualify for drug treatments. Clinical trials are currently underway to evaluate the effectiveness of different classes of drugs.