rosacea

overview

Rosacea is a skin condition that makes a person’s face turn red and may produce small pimple-like bumps filled with pus. It typically starts between ages 30 and 60, and is more common in people with fair skin.

symptoms

Rosacea symptoms usually affect the middle of the face – a red rash, pimples or broken blood vessels may appear across the nose, cheeks, eyelids and forehead – but it can cause redness on other parts of the face as well. About half of those with the condition also have eye symptoms like redness, burning, tearing, swelling or the sensation of something being in their eye.

There are four categories of rosacea, each with different symptoms:

  1. Prerosacea frequently causes flushed skin on the face and neck.
  2. Vascular rosacea swells the blood vessels under the skin, making skin feel warm and swollen.
  3. Inflammatory rosacea causes pimples and enlarged blood vessels in the face. 
  4. Rhinophyma enlarges the oil glands in the nose and cheeks, causing the nose to have a bulbous appearance.

treatment options

It’s easy to mistake rosacea for another skin condition like acne, and some home remedies can actually make rosacea worse. It’s important to have symptoms checked by your dermatologist to get the right treatment. 

Treatment options for rosacea include topical creams, oral medications and laser treatments. You might also need to avoid certain foods – like caffeine, spicy foods and alcohol – that can dilate the blood vessels in your skin.

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